Building a Wooden Patio Roof – Simple DIY Guide

A wooden patio roof is a structure that does not provide shelter from the elements whatsoever. It is only better when it is sunny. However, it perfectly defines an outdoor area without constraining it. In essence, a wooden patio roof provides a special architectural blend that perfectly helps the outside complement the inside. In short, it defines the outdoor space and brings it to life. Wooden patios are a common feature of mostly Italian Renaissance gardens. They are common in covering walkways as well as grape arbors.

Today, the same design concept is used to define passageways as well as frame out a focal point in the backyard. Most people prefer to build their own patio roofs. It is not only a fun activity but is also easy to do with proper planning. Building a wooden patio roof can be quite easy and complex at the same time. It all depends on the size and complexity of the roof to be built and its design. The first point to start is having a detailed plan of the desired patio roof. This needs to be accurate to ensure that the finished structure is both structurally sound and safe. You need to have the correct measurements of the patio size and use that to calculate the number and size of wooden planks you will need to build your patio.

The measurements will determine the rafter span, rafter size, and rafter spacing. With a detailed plan of the structure, you will need the tools and materials to put up the structure.

These include:

  1. Wood construction – cedar is recommended as it resists decay
  2. Shingles to match the existing residence
  3. Outside beam height to have a minimum of 6′ 8″ clearance
  4. Wood glue
  5. Drill and good drill bits
  6. Jigsaw
  7. 4×6 Beam
  8. 2×4 rafters
  9. Tape measure Construction Secure the 4×6 beams to the concrete pad using steel post anchors.

Use an electric drill with the recommended drill bits for the surface. Mark the post positions. Then place the beams into position, ensure that they are plumb and drill nails or screws through the anchors and into the beams. However, if you are attaching the patio to an existing roof structure, The starts of the header board whose placement will determine the roof level. Ensure that it is positioned at the correct height and is horizontal. It is recommended to use a template to mark out the notches at the ends of the rafter and cut-out the notches using a jigsaw.

Paint the 2×4 rafters and attach them to the house. Use joist hangers. They should be added starting from either end and work towards the center. Ensure that each of the rafters is level. Ensure that the rafter ends are all in a straight line. However, if the walls are crooked, the rafter ends will not be in line. This can be corrected by popping a chalk line across the rafter ends and trimming them with a saw. Then attach the sheathing. It is critical to do this because the building line will be very visible from the bottom. Then add fascia board to the end of rafters to give the patio a finished appearance.